Rare, Ancient Maya Canoe Found In Mexico’s Yucatan

A wooden canoe used by the ancient Mayans and believed to be more than 1,000 years old has emerged in southern Mexico, officials said, part of the archaeological work that accompanies its construction a new cruise ship.

A wooden canoe used by the ancient Maya and believed to be over a thousand years old is pictured
at a fresh-water pool known as a cenote and found during the archaeological work accompanying
the construction of a controversial new tourist train, in the state of Yucatan
[Credit: INAH via Reuters]The extremely rare canoe was found almost completely intact, submerged in a fresh-water pool known as a cenote, thousands of which dot Mexico’s Yucatan peninsula, near the ruins of Chichen Itza, once a major Maya city featuring elaborately carved temples and towering pyramids.

Measuring a little over 5 feet (1.6 meters) in length and 2-1/2 feet (80 cm) wide, the canoe was possibly used to transport water from the cenote or deposit ritual offerings, according to a statement from Mexican antiquities institute INAH.

A view of a freshwater pool known as a cenote, where a wooden canoe used by the ancient Maya
and believed to be over a thousand years old was found during the archaeological work
accompanying the construction of a controversial new tourist train, in the state
of Yucatan [Credit: INAH via Reuters]

The institute described the extraordinary find as “the first complete canoe like this in the Maya area,” adding that experts from Paris’ Sorbonne University will help with an analysis of the well-preserved wood to pin-point its age and type. A three-dimensional model of the canoe will also be commissioned, the statement added, to facilitate further study and allow for replicas to be made.

The canoe is tentatively dated to between 830-950 AD, near the end of the Maya civilization’s classical zenith, when dozens of cities across present-day southern Mexico and Central America thrived amid major human achievements in math, writing and art.

Archaeologists of the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) observe fragments
of pottery in a cave, as part of the archaeological work accompanying the construction
of a controversial new tourist train, in the state of Yucatan
[Credit: INAH via Reuters]

Archaeologists of the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) take measurements
at the site when they found pottery in a cave, as part of the archaeological work accompanying
the construction of a controversial new tourist train, in the state of Yucatan
[Credit: INAH via Reuters]

It was found while workers building a tourist rail project championed by President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador were inspecting the area surrounding the cenote which is near a section of the project that will connect with Cancun, Mexico’s top beach resort.

Lopez Obrador has pitched the so-called Maya Train as tourist-friendly infrastructure that will help alleviate poverty in Mexico’s poorer southern states, while critics argue it risks damaging the region’s delicate ecosystems.

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